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该大学目前在正常情况下运作

健康与医学

COVID-19问&一个博士. 阿米尔巴津

了解测试程序, 症状和其他有关COVID-19和omicron变异的信息. 阿米尔·巴津(阿米尔巴津)是最正规外围足球网站共同检测项目的主任和首席医生.

随着COVID-19和大流行的演变, 关于我们应该做些什么来保证我们自己和我们的社区的安全的问题也是如此.

Dr. 阿米尔·巴津是来帮忙的.

The director and lead physician of the 最正规外围足球网站联合测试计划 answered 10 commonly asked questions about COVID-19, 欧米克隆的变种和这学期保持安全的最好方法.

omicron与delta和其他COVID-19变体有何不同?

我认为这是我们在医学领域经常被问到的一个问题. One of the things that we have seen in early data that’s come out from countries such as South Africa and the U.K. 是不是疾病的持续时间和严重程度看起来更短了. 我们看到的是更快的传播速度, 但住院和重症监护病房的人数并没有相应增加, 正如我们所期望的,如果它是另一种变体,比如delta.

这学期新冠病毒检测有什么不同?

因为欧米克隆的潜伏期更短,传播速度更快, our testing mitigation strategies that we did before for large swath testing — maybe on a weekly basis or a biweekly basis — may not be as effective now. What we wanted to do — knowing that some members of our community really rely on this testing to use as another 太l in their 太l belt — is to make sure that if you were getting tested, 我们有足够的能力给你一个快速的反应.

假设, 例如, if 5,一天内就有000人接受了检测, 这将使我们的实验室非常紧张,无法及时得出结果. 所以如果你之前做的化验结果要四天才能出来, 那个实验室测试真的不好. 所以我们的目标是尽量减少测试结果的时间, and we can do that by helping regulate the number of tests that are coming through on a daily basis. So we’re asking members of our community this year to use Hall Pass to actually register for a test. 所以当你去 hallpass.vulatube.com.

你还可以去卡罗来纳联盟接受测试. 它仍然是相同的收集方法. 过程还是一样的. 但与允许不请自来的客人不同的是,我们采用了预约系统.

如果我没有症状,如何进行COVID-19检测?

我们仍然有能力对无症状感染者进行检测 最正规外围足球网站联合测试计划.

We don’t necessarily recommend widespread testing of asymptomatic individuals because what we’re trying to do is think about the global picture of testing supplies and then also adequacy in testing. The other thing that I really want people to take to heart about testing is that that test is only really as good as that test in that moment of time that you take it. 仅仅因为你得到一个阴性的测试结果并不意味着接下来的三个, 四五天可以让你远离任何可能接触到COVID的环境.

So these are the important elements that I think are very pivotal to making sure that people view tests in the right way and utilize them in the right way. 它并没有完全剥夺说话的能力, “我的测试结果为阴性, 我不可能在24到48小时内感染新冠病毒.“这就是为什么这种无症状检测环境可能没有那么有用的原因之一. 但是再一次, 我们知道我们的社会要求这样做, 这就是为什么我们继续进行测试项目以获得它的使用权.

可以在网上预订 hallpass.vulatube.com 并在周一到周五的测试中利用它.

现在COVID-19的常见症状是什么?

关于症状,有时我们把它们与我们所能想到的疾病联系起来. 很多呼吸道疾病通常发生在每年的这个时候, 你会觉得你会有类似的症状. 所以咳嗽, 发热, 头疼, 发冷, 身体疼痛, 所有这些都是最明显的症状.

delta病毒和之前的冠状病毒或COVID - 19病毒株更是如此, 我们看到他失去了味觉和嗅觉. 我并不是说欧米克隆不会出现这种情况,只是不那么普遍而已.

如果我有COVID-19症状应该怎么做?

这是一个非常好的问题. 我想我们经常被问到这个问题, “当你出现症状时,你会怎么做?, 最好的方法是什么?”

在一般情况下, 我们希望人们能理解,如果你生病了, 最好的办法, 尤其是如果你在学校工作或者你是学校的学生, 是呆在家里吗. 不要来上课. 不要去上班. Get tested to see if you are positive because that actually starts the clock on your isolation period, 哪一个对我们来说很重要, 太, 并且能够说, “我之前有过感染. 你现在可以安心上学或工作了.”

对我们社区的一些成员来说, 他们有可能, 如果它们是正的, 有资格接受门诊治疗, 比如单克隆抗体或者一些已经上市的口服药物. Paxlovid or Molnupiravir are two newer oral medicines that help treat the symptoms of COVID-19 in the outpatient setting, 而不是待在医院.

减少感染COVID-19的最佳工具是什么?

当我们想到最好的缓解措施时, 我们最好的缓解策略, 它实际上在做两件事. One: 人 who are vaccinated have a lower chance of contracting the omicron variant or COVID-19, and that number actually goes down even more — or there’s more protective effects — if you’re boosted. 因此,没有. 对于我们的社区成员来说,最好的策略就是接种疫苗. 然后当你有资格接受辅助治疗时,就去做辅助治疗.

第二种方法是随时戴上口罩, 我们鼓励人们戴上合适的口罩.

关于选择和佩戴口罩,你有什么指导?

说到口罩,我再次鼓励人们去 疾病预防控制中心的网站上,他们建议你应该如何戴口罩. 最重要的是如果你戴着口罩, 它应该是我们所说的“合适的面具”.“所以这意味着口罩不要太松. 不是挂在你鼻子下面或下巴下面的. 没有一个在两边有很多额外的间隙.

疾控中心表示,如果是三层布口罩,布口罩是可以接受的, 医用口罩也是有益的. KN95口罩或N95口罩已经被问及很多. 我们要一直戴着吗? 我们一定要有吗? 我要注意的是, 与KN95或N95是, 再一次, 如果它不合适,它是松散的所有的方式, 你也同样容易感染病毒.

最重要的是你要戴上合适的口罩.

如果我是COVID-19患者的密切接触者,应该怎么做?

This is really a challenging situation because there are different progressive routes based off of your status on how you’re vaccinated and boosted. 但目前的指导意见是:基于疾病预防控制中心的建议, 如果你是某个人的密切接触者,你已经接种疫苗并接受了助推器, 然后你可以做的就是监控症状. 你不需要隔离或隔离, 但你应该监测症状,如果出现任何症状,你应该进行测试.

如果你没有接种疫苗, 或者如果你的初级系列治疗是阴性的但你没有接受助推器, 然后你要隔离和监控症状. 但是之后你应该会接受测试——如果可以的话,大约在第五天.

What we’re basically saying — and I think that the important part in this is that really the key measure is to get tested if you’re symptomatic — monitor for symptoms and wear a mask as much as possible.

要使这个学期安全成功,需要遵循哪些关键步骤呢?

What we’re trying to do here is maintain a semblance of our community and importance of learning in an on-campus university and an instructional mode that makes the most sense. 所以我们想要的是让学生在大学里茁壮成长, 能够学习,让我们的教师成为优秀的教育者. I do believe that one of the ways that the University has tried to do this is by promoting the use of vaccinations and boosters in our community as much as possible.

最近一次统计, we had had about 93% of our students and about 93% of our faculty that had received their primary immunizations. We are going to turn on the ability in our same platform where you told us if you had received vaccination to be able to 也告诉我们你是否接受了助推器. So we are encouraging people to please go out and do that because I think it’s going to help us just have a semblance of understanding how many people in our community are boosted.

The other thing that I mentioned is that really trying to mask as much as possible and to use good judgment whenever you’re around a lot of people. 我认为应该提倡的一件事是当你在吃饭的时候, 尽量限制戴口罩的时间. 如果你能试着聚集在小群体中,这总是有帮助的. Outdoor activities — I know that the weather is changing and it’s cold — but it’s also sometimes nice to be out in some brisk weather and just enjoy the outdoors on a walk or being in a group with others.

Those things are also helpful in terms of being able to decrease the threshold of being around the virus for a prolonged period of time, 如果是在你工作的环境中或者你周围有这样的人.

最终的想法?

I would say that there’s really like the two big keys to our semester being successful are really pushing and making sure that people are promoting and encouraging their friends or family or community to get vaccines and boosters, 然后尽可能地掩盖. There’s nothing wrong with wearing a mask all the time if you feel more comfortable wearing a mask all the time. 目前还没有广泛的建议说在户外戴口罩是有益的. 但如果一个人觉得整天戴口罩更舒服的话, 我们应该在校园里鼓励这种行为.

We do definitely want everyone to abide by the masking rules in the residence halls and in our classrooms and to make sure that masking is done in an appropriate way at all times. 有人问学校是否提供了某些类型的口罩. 如果你去北卡大学的网页和地图部分,我相信 地图.vulatube.com, 因为网页上列出了使用三层遮罩的遮罩站, 那里有一次性口罩. 所以如果有人要拿起来的话, 他们可以去其中一个车站, 拿起口罩,在他们的课堂上或在校园里使用.

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